The swamp oak forest is one type of vegetation. The forest is usually found on the edge of wetlands or lagoons where there is grey-black sandy loams and slightly salty groundwater. Swamps oaks, cheese tree and paperbarks are just some of the tree species that thrive in this environment.

photograph of swamp oak forest vegetation

Photo: Swamp Oak Forest


  • Weed invasion
  • Overgrazing, trampling and soil disturbances by livestock
  • Vegetation clearing
  • Urban and agricultural runoff

What is Council doing?

Council is developing a draft management plan for Casuarinas (swamp oaks) around the Tuggerah Lakes foreshores to help balance biodiversity and public safety. See what else Council has been up to here.